Sneh Children Hospital

pediatrician in Ahmedabad

Autism: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis & Treatments

Autism is a complex neurodevelopmental disorder that affects social, behavioral, and communication skills. It manifests early in life and is categorized as an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) due to the variety of symptoms present among individuals. Asperger’s syndrome (AS), formerly known as high-functioning autism, falls under ASD. Babies with AS usually have normal or higher IQs, but may struggle when it comes to using verbal language in social situations. 

They often have trouble understanding nonverbal cues like eye contact, facial expressions, and body language. Additionally, those with AS can have difficulty developing relationships or coping with changes in their routines. With proper behavior and communication therapy, these social issues can be addressed.

What are the symptoms of autism?

Signs of autism may include avoiding physical contact, not making eye contact, or responding to voices or sounds. Other signs of autism include difficulty playing pretend games, focusing intensely on part of an object instead of the whole thing, being unafraid of danger, or becoming upset by changes in routines. 

They are also feeling difficulties in understanding hand gestures or body language, rocking back and forth, spinning, or banging their head or, fixating on certain topics. Babies with autism may have difficulty engaging in make-believe games or interacting with other children. They may also show an unawareness of potential dangers or display inappropriate behaviors.

Approximately 1 in 5 children with autism experience a phenomenon called “regression” whereby they may lose the ability to speak or interact socially that they once had. However, some individuals with autism can gain unique abilities or talents. These may include skills like unusually high intelligence levels or the capacity to solve complex mathematical equations in their heads—abilities which are not commonly found in non-autistic people.

What are the causes of Austim?

The root cause of autism is still unknown and remains disputed among experts. However, studies suggest that health problems or environmental exposures play a role in its development. Health problems during pregnancy and birth are believed to be a factor as well as a parental age may be correlated with an increased risk for autism for their child. 

Despite continued studies on the topic, there is still much unknown about the causes of this disorder. Vaccines are neither the cause nor can they trigger autism. This is true for all types of vaccines, including the measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccines. Vaccines are essential to ensure that your child remains healthy so if you have any doubts or hesitations about the safety of vaccines, discussing them with the best pediatrician in Ahmedabad should be the top priority.

Detecting and Diagnosing Autism Spectrum Disorder:

Diagnosis of autism involves evaluating the individual for any evidence of signs and symptoms associated with autism. A medical professional such as the pediatrician in Ahmedabad can observe the child carefully and search for patterns of behavior indicative of an autism diagnosis. Autism can be difficult to diagnose as certain individuals may present with an intellectual disability, meaning their intellectual abilities are much lower than average – leading to delays in reading, writing, and math.

Can the Development of Autism Be Prevented?

In order to prevent an increase in the number of children diagnosed with autism; parents, doctors, and teachers must be aware of the signs and take steps to ensure that early detection is carried out. Through better recognition and earlier interventions, the incidences of autism can be reduced.

How to Treat Autism?

Although there is no known cure for autism, a combination of medicine and therapy can be used to manage some of the symptoms. These treatments range from behavioral and language therapies to medications that help to reduce symptoms such as aggression or sleeplessness. The earlier the therapy starts, the more likely it will be successful. A doctor can recommend the best type of treatment for an individual child’s needs.

It is important to remember that when it comes to parenting a child with autism, the best answer is to treat each situation as unique and figure out how to approach it accordingly. Researching different support groups and materials can be helpful for family members, teachers, friends, and other caregivers in order to effectively communicate and interact with the child. Finding the right technique depends on the individual and their needs, so it’s important to create a plan unique to your family.

Wrapping Up:

Treating a child with autism can be a difficult and daunting task. It is important to work closely with the doctor or specialist to find the best approach for your child. This may involve creating routines, habits, and trusting relationships in order for them to feel secure and comfortable. Working with your child’s doctor can give you access to treatments and resources that can help manage their condition in the long run. Taking these steps early on can help provide your child with a sense of safety and security that will benefit them well into adulthood.